...is a complex and  dynamic symptom of the auditory system.  It is generated via at least one of five main pathways. (Shown in colour - explanation below). Inner ear (cochlea), auditory cortex and lower brain areas, somatic dysfunction of TMJ and vertebral column, endolymphatic pressure (Menière´s disease) or external influences from the environment create  a dysbalance and/or hyperactivity  in the auditory system, that is perceived as a ringing or hissing sound.



The pathways in particular:

          THE ENDOLYMPHATIC PATHWAY - treatment


  • Chronic inflammatory process of the head
  • Cranio-sacral dysfunction
  • Immunological disorder

         THE ENVIRONMENTAL PATHWAY - treatment


  • Sick building syndrome
  • Electromagnetic smog
  • Medication
  • Nutritives/Toxins

         THE CENTRAL PATHWAY - treatment

  • Tinnitus-Sensibilization
  • Subconcious conflicts
  • Chronic disstress syndrome
  • Posttraumatic disorders
  • Hearing loss
  • Metabolic and degenerative factors

         THE SOMATIC PATHWAY - treatment


  • TMJ and jaw muscle dysfunction
  • Teeth malocclusion or inflammtion
  • C0/1 area and vertebral column dysfunction
  • Cranio-sacral disorders
  • Cranial nerve irritation

          THE OTIC PATHWAY - treatment


  • Middle ear dysfunctions (ear drum, ossicles, middle ear muscles) 
  • Inner and outer hair cells dysfunction of the inner ear 
  • Imbalances of nutritive structures in the inner ear
  • Blood vessels, viscosity and metabolite disorders

We describe acute (0-3 months), subacute (3-6 months) and chronic (> 6 months) forms of tinnitus. If secondary reactions to the perception of tinnitus causes emotional reactions with symptoms of the autonomic nerval system, a human beeing is challenged to compensate this influence in life. If the experience of every day life becomes miserable and it is difficult to work a job, we speak of decompensated forms of tinnitus. A decompensated situation represents a second disorder of psychic nature, that does require specific treatment.