...is a complex and dynamic symptom of the auditory system. It is generated by at least one of five main disorders. (Shown in colour-circles - explanation below). Inner ear (cochlea), auditory cortex and lower brain areas, somatic dysfunction of TMJ and vertebral column, endolymphatic pressure (Menière´s disease) or external influences from the environment create a dysbalance and/or hyperactivity in the auditory system, that is perceived as a ringing or hissing sound.
OTIC DISORDERS - (treatment)
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS -
SOMATOSENSORY DISORDERS - (treatment)
ENDOLYMPHATIC DISORDERS - (treatment)
ENVIRONMENTAL (TOXIC) DISORDERS -
We describe acute (0-3 months), subacute (3-6 months) and chronic (> 6 months) forms of tinnitus perception. If secondary reactions to the perception of tinnitus causes emotional reactions with symptoms in the autonomic nervous system, a person is challenged to compensate this influence in life. If the experience of every day life becomes unbearable and it is difficult to work a job, we speak of decompensated forms of tinnitus. A decompensated situation represents a second disorder of psychic nature, that does require specific treatment.
Most importantly, we need to understand, that tinnitus is always the symptom, which belongs to a disorder, never is the disorder itself however.